博若莱 Beaujolais

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Beaujolais

薄若莱法定产区南抵里昂市,北达马孔地区,东邻索恩河,西面被美丽的里昂耐斯山峦所环绕。该区域纵深8英里, 横跨4英里宽,全部是连绵起伏的山坡和古朴的村庄,其间的家喻户晓的薄若莱村庄便是其名称的发源地。博若莱因為新酒而闻名世界,但新酒其实是近代的产物。法国在1936年才成立的AOC法定产区法令,规定只要是AOC等級的产区,每年生产的葡萄酒必须要等到11月的第三个星期四才能上市。所以新酒上市便成為一个有法定规范的日子,除了新酒之外,博若莱其实也生产其他品质不错的红酒。博若莱主要红葡萄品种为加美(Gamay)

博若莱分級制度

法定产区葡萄酒(AOC); 另有博若莱村庄(Beaujolais-Villages);此外还有来自北部的10個优质博若莱村庄(Crus du Beaujolais)。

风格/口味
著名的博若莱新酒(Beaujolais Nouveau)則是每一個年份最先上市的AOC等级葡萄酒之一,於每年十一月的第三個星期四推出。有着明显的香蕉、水果糖香气,适合及早飲用,一般而言一年之內喝完最适合。可以推出新酒的产区有:博若莱(Beaujolais)及博若莱村庄(Beaujolais Villages)。

The Beaujolais wine region of France is located south of Burgundy, between Mâcon and Lyon. Beaujolais is a prosperous wine region. Cultivating almost 55,000 acres, more than the other three departments of Burgundy combined, it produces an average of 13 million cases annually. Best of all, once a year, when the world falls in love with Beaujolais Nouveau, nearly half of this crop is pressed, fermented, racked, fined, filtered and sold within weeks.

Beaujolais is diverse geographically, but is unified by the Gamay Noir grape. Ninety-eight percent of the area is planted with it. The other 2% is basically planted with Chardonnay and Pinot Noir. Unlike Bordeaux, there are no large properties in Beaujolais. The system, called "vigneronnage," consists of hundreds of small to medium sized properties on which the wine grapes are grown. Most of these grapes are purchased by Négociants who make and market the wines.

Beaujolais is comprised of 12 appellations and is divided into Haut- and Bas-Beaujolais. This division is based on distinctions in the soil of each area. The valley of the River Nizerand, just north of the regional capital of Villefranche, is the dividing point. South of the river is the flat plains of Bas-Beaujolais with rich soil that is mostly limestone/clay with some sandy areas. This soil produces more quantity than quality. North of the River Nizerand is Haut-Beaujolais with hilly topography that has a lighter granite and schist based sandy soil and therefore makes a better wine. It is in Haut-Beaujolais that you will find the Beaujolais-Villages appellation and the 10 Beaujolais Crus.

Beaujolais has a temperate climate with warm summers and cool winters. Snow is common in the winter as a result of its proximity to the Massif Central Mountains to the west. The hills of Beaujolais provide some protection from the cold and rain generated in these mountains, but in late summer, hailstorms are a regular threat to the wine grape growers.

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